“천사가 이르되 마리아여 무서워하지 말라 네가 하나님께 은혜를 입었느니라 보라 네가 잉태하여 아들을 낳으리니 그 이름을 예수라 하라 그가 큰 자가 되고 지극히 높으신 이의 아들이라 일컬어질 것이요 주 하나님께서 그 조상 다윗의 왕위를 그에게 주시리니 영원히 야곱의 집을 왕으로 다스리실 것이며 그 나라가 무궁하리라”
우리의 왕이신 그리스도. 이 세상의 왕이신 그리스도!
Original sin includes two elements. Original sin consists of original guilt and original pollution. Original guilt is the Adam’s guilt imputed to us because Adam was the representative head of the human race. Original pollution includes the absence of the original righteousness and the presence of positive evil. This original pollution can be seen from two perspectives and that is total depravity and total inability. Total depravity doesn’t mean that man is depraved as he can possibly become. Rather, it means every part of his nature is influenced by this original corruption that no spiritual and physical faculties of human is left untouched by sin. And this naturally leads to total inability of man which means he is not capable of any spiritual good whatsoever. That means he is always inclined to perversion rather than to the law of God and loving God. He may be capable of civil good and natural good which when seen by fellow human beings, might seem to be praiseworthy. However, their good action never has God in mind. They are not doing those good things for God but for others or for themselves. Since the spirit of the law of God is the love of God, nobody in his unregenerate state is able to conform to the law of God fundamentally.
What is the significance of this truth?
This truth well explains the current condition of the world. Man was created by God, endowed with original righteousness that includes true knowledge, righteousness and holiness. After the fall, not only we lost original righteousness but also our nature got polluted with sin. Adam was living a life of loving God and loving neighbors before the fall. However, after the fall, we perverts the law of God and love our self and all sinful action that departs from the law of God. Isn’t our life the best evidence of this truth? That everyone is full of self-love? That everyone is friend of sin? As long as unbelievers are the majority of the world’s population, this world cannot become a better place. This world will stay fallen and it will get no better. Not only that but also, man is totally unable to stand before God with his own righteousness. Man needs a savior who can save him outside of him.
Then, does man have free will? Yes and No.
Answering this question depends on what kind of liberty we are talking about. If the liberty we are talking about here is a kind of liberty through which we can choose whatever we please fully according to our personality and volition, yes we have free will. However, we are not free in terms of our morality. We are slavery to sin. “The sinner is a slave of sin and cannot possibly turn in the other direction” (Berkhof 248).
But then why should we try?
Think of a farmer and his farming as an example. Should he say “I will not water or plant a seed because I have no ability whatsoever to produce harvest.” No, rather he should employ all the means to attain the desirable end. It is absolutely true that we cannot make ourselves regenerate. However, God appointed means of grace through which he promised to bless us, including unbelievers in a visible church. The doctrine of the total inability does not justify our neglect of diligent usage of the means of grace. Unbelievers have to keep reading the bible, praying, and going to church. (Lord, please be with Avery and grant her your grace, your saving grace)
Then there is something called “actual sin.” What is the relation between original sin and actual sin.
When I marry later, I shall not forget that my son or daughter is born as a sinner who is not only guilty before God but also corrupted in nature. My child, however he or she may look innocent, will be guilty and polluted because every man is guilty in Adam. And I should not forget that this original sin residing in man’s heart is the fountain of all actual sins.
Is one sin more serious than another? In other word, does sin vary in its kind and degree?
The answer is the affirmative. The scriptural basis for this is found in numbers 15: 29-31. The important distinction lies in one’s deliberation. If one sins with full conscience, it is more serious. Not only so, but also pastors and elders who know much more about the gospel are held more accountable for their sins compared to those who are given less light. However, in all this, the result of all actual sins are equally serious in that it makes people damnable before God because any sin is a sin against infinite honor of God.
What is the unpardonable sin? The sin of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit?