If the whole word is under the curse of sin, how can there be so much
The doctrine of common grace first developed by Calvin: It curbs the destructive power of sin, maintains in a measure the moral order of the universe, thus making an orderly life possible,
It should be remembered that there is only one grace. There are not two different kinds of grace as attributes of God. Common grace as well as saving grace is God’s demerited favor to sinners. That means we do not deserve it and God gives us free gifts, favor when we deserve his punishment. What is the difference then? The difference is that the saving grace removes the guilt, power and presence of sin while the common grace curbs and restrains the influence of sin. These natural blessings showered upon mankind are all because of God’s common grace! God preserves this world and allows people to develop high degree of science and art and culture. This is all because of God’s grace! God makes sure that people develop the natural life and
The definition of common grace is twofold: “Those general operations of the Holy Spirit, whereby He, without renewing the heart, exercises such a moral influence on man through His general or special revelation, that sin is restrained, order is maintained in social life, and civil righteousness is promoted or Those general blessings, such as rain and sunshine, food and drink, clothing and shelter, which God imparts to all men indiscriminately where and in what measure it seems good to Him.
Distinction between common grace and special(saving) grace
1.The special grace is only granted to the elect and not to the reprobate. The common grace is bestowed upon all men indiscriminately and the decree of election and reprobation has nothing to do with its measure because we often observe that the wicked possess a greater measure of common grace and natural blessings of life than the pious.
2.Special grace removes the punishment of sin and changes the inner life of man and sanctifies him from the pollution of sin through the supernatural operation of the Holy Spirit. Common grace, however, doesn’t effect a salvation! It only has restraining effects on sinful human nature and it does not renew human nature.
3.Special grace is irresistible. When the Holy Spirit renews our heart, we most freely come to Christ in faith and repentance and believe the gospel. However, common grace is resistible and often resisted by unbelievers and the universal offer of salvation is rejected by men who is averse to faith and repentance and in bondage to sin. It is ineffectual unto salvation, why? because it leaves the heart unchanged.
C.Common Grace and the Atoning Work of Christ